This is a good article from Martin Fowler.

As there is a growing interest in dynamic languages, more people are running into a programming concept called Closures or Blocks. People from a C/C++/Java/C# language background don’t have closures and as a result aren’t sure what they are. Here’s a brief explanation, those who have done a decent amount of programming in languages that have them won’t find this interesting.

Closures have been around for a long time. I ran into them properly for the first time in Smalltalk where they’re called Blocks. Lisp uses them heavily. They’re also present in the Ruby scripting language – and are a major reason why many rubyists like using Ruby for scripting.

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The difference between ASP.NET Web Site and ASP.NET Web Application

I have just read this at


The Web Site project is compiled on the fly. You end up with a lot more DLL files, which can be a pain. It also gives problems when you have pages or controls in one directory that need to reference pages and controls in another directory since the other directory may not be compiled into code yet. Another problem can be in publishing.

If VS isn’t told to re-use the same names constantly, it will come up with new names for the dll files generated by pages all the time. That can lead to having several close copies of dlls containing the same class name, which will generate plenty of errors. The Web Site project was introduced with VS 2005, but has turned out not to be extremely popular.

Web Application:

The Web Application Project was created as an add-in and now exists as part of SP 1 for VS 2005. The main differences are the Web Application Project was designed to work similar to the Web projects that shipped with and VS 2003. It will compile the application into a single dll at build time. In order to update the project it must be recompiled and the dll published for changes to occur.

Another nice feature of the Web Application project is it’s much easer to exclude files from the project view. In the Web Site project, each file that you exclude is renamed with an exclude keyword in the filename. In the Web Application Project, the project just keeps track of which files to include/exclude from the project view without renaming them, making things much tider.


This article also gives reasons on why to use one and not the other. Here is an excerpt of it:

  • You need to migrate large Visual Studio .NET 2003 applications to VS 2005? use the Web Application project.
  • You want to open and edit any directory as a Web project without creating a project file? use Web Site project.
  • You need to add pre-build and post-build steps during compilation? use Web Application project.
  • You need to build a Web application using multiple Web projects? use Web Application project.
  • You want to generate one assembly for each page? use Web Site project.
  • You prefer dynamic compilation and working on pages without building entire site on each page view? use Web Site project.
  • You prefer single-page code model to code-behind model? use Web Site project.